TAMIL NADU IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE MODERNISATION AND WATER BODIES RESTORATION AND MANAGEMENT PROJECT (TN IAMWARM) - IMPACT OF CAPACITY BUILDING AND TRAINING PROGRAMMES
In the 70 WUAs assigned to the COODU, the organisation organised capacity building and training Programmes at 2 WUAs per programme. The WUA members were equipped with skills and knowledge on the following topics and issues.
- Irrigation sources – Existing resources and present status.
- Participatory irrigation management
- Sensitizing WUA members on Water budget
- Problems and issues: Finding Solutions through discussions and analysis and its outcomes.
- Sharing information on knowledge gained on day-1.
- WUA-its functions, roles and responsibilities of members
- Function / responsibilities of line departments
- Convergence of various schemes implemented by line and other departments
- Institutional framework : General body and committees and their functions
- Maintenance of records / registers/ accounts. The programme has enabled the members to carry out the following tasks.
- Efficient and judicious use of water
- Preparation of seasonal irrigation reports
- Adoption of successful agricultural practices
- Organize and conduct meetings properly with discussions, resolutions and recording of minutes
- Undertake walk through surveys and identification of annual maintenance tasks.
- Preparation of water distribution schedule, thereby ensuring equitable distribution of water
- Groomed leaders capable of developing skills and knowledge of farmers.
- All stakeholders / water user have been enrolled as members in their respective WUAs.
- Conduct of monthly meeting of all WUAs
- Technical sub-Committees for water distribution and management, work review, canal disputes, offences eradication, finances are functioning effectively.
- Required records in WUAs are being maintained.
- Bank account for WUAs have been opened and subscription fees remitted by WUA members deposited
- Budgets of WUAs have been prepared
- Plans for irrigation on equitable basis prepared.
- Conduct of social and it after every harvest completed
- Details of areas under crops have been documented for study.
- Plans for operation & maintenance work have been prepared
- Work have been executed by WUAs members themselves on their own.
Conflicts on community assets have been amicably resolved by sub-committees.
COODU has fulfilled tasks assigned to it in accordance with the ToR, leading to achievement of all the Project Objectives.
It is heartening that, the WUAs have executed various works in the water sources on their own, with labour and financial contributions from its members and continue to do the same in a sustainable manner.
All the water resources would henceforth be treated as community assets. Development of durable and sustainable assets is assured.
But for the failure of monsoon, the outcomes and outputs would have brought tangible benefits to the WUAs members and growth in agriculture and allied sectors.
Overall Impact of the project
- Establishment of strengthened and functioning WUAs in seven sub-basins in Vaippar basin spread over three districts
- 70 WUAs comprising 1912 members equipped with knowledge and skills in water management, operation and maintenance of irrigation systems, agricultural / farming techniques, cropping pattern, processing and marketing of agricultural produce and maintenance of registers and accounts.
- Operation and maintenance of tanks, canals, channels by WUAs with labour and financial contribution by members.
- Creation of transparent institutional mechanisms empowered to undertake / execute operation and maintenance of water resources and accountable to the people by social audit.
- Development of linkages with TNAU, KVKs and other research organisations for agricultural techniques, natural and alternate farming, pest control, etc...
- Collection of annual subscription @ Rs.100/- Per Acre from WUAs members for maintenance works thereby reducing the financial commitment of the Government.
- Converting the water resources into community assets by handing them over to the WUA thereby making them responsible for their protection, securing them from encroachments.
- Developing / ensuring communal harmony by equitable distribution of water.
- Convergence of various schemes implemented by the 8 line departments and Rural Development &Panchayat Raj Department through the MGNREGS.
- Water budgeting has also ensured storage and distribution of water for drinking water and other needs to households for human and cattle consumption.
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT AGENCY(Technology Dissemination Project) 2013-14 & 2014-15
- Farmers, who were trained on intensive cultivation of horticultural plants, are cultivating maize, groundnut,tomato,bringal,snakegourd,banana,watermelon,greengram,bitter gourd and onion.
- Dairy farmers are managing their cattle, which are proliferating and are getting remunerative income.
- Sericulture farmers have raised mulberry plantations and are successfully rearing silk worms and producing silk.
COCONUT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME: KINATHUKADAVU BLOCK(WATER MANAGEMENT AND CLIMATE RESILIENCE TECHNOLOGIES FOR COCONUT PLANTATIONS)
With the production of food grains increasingly becoming unviable for the farmers due to vagaries of nature, ballooning of input cost, and unassured ‘MSP’, more and more farm lands are being put to cash crops and plantation crops, specially coconut palm trees.
Called as Kalpavriksha, the tree of life or tree of heaven or tree of abundance, is one of the major crops in Coimbatore district, washich is the largest producer of coconut in Tamil Nadu.
COODU was approached by MARICO, the leading consumer products company in India with business reach in Asia and Africa, in August, 2018, under its CSR initiative to provide support to coconut farmers in terms of augmentation of production and productivity of coconut palms in Coimbatore district.
- Select a drought prone area, survey farmers willing to participate and contribute to the project.
- Assess the need of farmers and implement the project on short term basis with contribution from farmers.
Identification of area and farmers
As per strategy, a low rainfall or drought prone area with plantation crop is to be chosen. This was accomplished after gleansing the data provided by the TNAU Agritech portal which listed low rainfall areas where coconut crops are grown. Such areas were toured and Kinathukadavu was chosen after inspection.
A survey was conducted in the hamlets of Mullupadi, Devanampalayam, Perumpathy, Kothavadi, etc., in Kinathukadavu block for willing farmers in whose lands, farm ponds are to be formed. From the survey, 39 farmers were identified. (Initially 30 nos as per the agreement, but the measurement was not fulfilled, so it was planned to dig more (9 nos) farm ponds with MARICO consent. COODU obtained the consent of farmers to form Farm Ponds in their plantations.
Likewise, 300 farmers, in whose lands intervention measures such as Trench cum bund and Ring bund are proposed, were identified and their consent to carry out the measures was obtained.
Objectives of the project were determined as:
a. Increase production and productivity of palms by augmenting water resources and intervention measures and
b. Build the capacity of farmers through Farmer Field School (FFS) training in association with TNAU and KVK to be imparted in Demonstration Plots.
c. Awareness through wall paintings and continuous interactions with farmers on water use efficiency practices.
Cost of Project
As proposed by MARICO, farmers have contributed to the project. MARICO had sanctioned Rs. 46,80,000/- from its CSR funds. Initially, the contribution from the farmers was fixed from 5% to 10% of estimate cost of each work.
COODU had exhorted the farmers to contribute more by increasing the scope of the work physically. For instance, farmer voluntarily contributed more than 10%, so that the dimensions of farm pond formed in his/her land could be expanded in his land from estimated size to more size. At the end, the contribution had increased upto 20% of estimate cost.
Filtering out sediments
Inlets were inlaid with stone pitch to trap silt, which will be collected and deposited on bunds to strengthen them.
Implementation and Completion
Farm pond works commenced on the fourteenth of August, 2018 and completed on 30th of November, 2018.Works on soil and moisture conservation measures were completed on 15th of December, 2018.
Trainings were completed with TNAU and KVK support by 26th& 27th February, 2019.