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Watershed Development

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Watershed Development

COODU has achieved recognition for its work in the field of Watershed Management by the Government of Tamil Nadu as well as National bodies such as NABARD and CAPART. The watershed activities of COODU are implemented in the districts of Coimbatore, Ramanathapuram (Ramnad), Namakkal, Krishnagiri, Virudhunagar, Cuddalore and Dindigul.

COODU has successfully implemented watershed programmes in 276 micro watersheds covering approximately 1,33,000 ha. Out of this total area, around 14,600 ha have been reclaimed for agricultural activity. In around 24,760 ha, agro-forestry measures have been implemented, around 5,480 ha have been brought under horticulture crops.

The various schemes under which such watershed and drought proofing programmes are conducted include:

  • Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP) (IV, V, VI, VII, VIII and X Batch)
  • Integrated Wastelands Development Project (IWDP)
  • Restructured National Wasteland Development Programme in Rain fed Areas (NWDPRA)
  • Tamil Nadu Comprehensive Wasteland Development Project (TNCWP)
  • NABARD – Watershed Development Fund Assisted Programme
  • CAPART – Drought Proofing Project
  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)
  • Western Ghats Development Programme (WGDP)

The following scheme works were also undertaken in all the 276 watersheds under various programmes:

In situ Soil and Moisture Conservation Water Resource Development Afforestation and Pasture Development Other activities
Summer Ploughing Minor Check dam Fodder Banks SHG Formation
Stone Bunding Major Check dam Agro-forestry User Group Formation
Field Bunding Percolation Pond Horticulture Capacity Building and strengthening of Watershed Association, SHGs & UGs
Stone boulder check dams Renovation of existing water bodies Integrated Pest Management
Gabian check dams Farm Ponds Bio-Manure production Exposure Visits to successful areas
Vegetative barrier Cattle ponds Vermi-culture